The course takes students to an intermediate level by the end of Level 4. The Teacher' s Resource Pack provides photocopiable tests, extra activities and drills. Each level of the course provides 80-90 hours of classwork with lots of recycling in regular four-page sections. Each level contains six modules of two units, each divided into three manageable ' steps' . Clear aims and outcomes for each step mean students can put what they learn into practice immediately. Level 1 assumes students have studied English at primary school, but gives full coverage of all basic language areas. A four-level course for lower-secondary students.
Messages 2 Teacher's Resource Pack
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Cambridge University Press
Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service...
Figure 8 i ves iga es he impac of he maximum umber of GPRS user per cell o he performa ce of GPRS for he dy amic cha el alloca io scheme wi h 1 PDCH reserved. Of course, he expec ed umber of GPRS users should be less ha he maximum umber i order o avoid he rejec io of ew GPRS sessio s. O he o her ha d, he maximum umber of ac ive GPRS sessio s mus be limi ed for guara eei g quali y of service for every ac ive GPRS sessio eve u der high raffic. he radeoff be wee i creasi g performa ce for allowi g more ac ive GPRS sessio s a d he i creasi g blocki g probabili y for GPRS users is illus ra ed by he curves of Figure 8. Co clusio s his paper prese ed a discre e-eve simula or o he IP level for he Ge eral Packe Radio Service (GPRS). Wi h he simula or, we provided a comprehe sive performa ce s udy of he radio resource shari g by circui swi ched GSM co ec io s a d packe swi ched GPRS sessio s u der a s a ic a d a dy amic cha el alloca io scheme. I he dy amic scheme we assumed a reserved umber of physical cha els perma e ly alloca ed o GPRS a d he remai i g cha els o be o -dema d cha els ha ca be used by GSM voice service a d GPRS packe s.