Clear aims and outcomes for each step mean students can put what they learn into practice immediately. The course takes students to an intermediate level by the end of level 4. The Teacher’s Resource pack provides photocopiable tests, extra activities and drills. Messages is a new four-level course for lower-secondary students. Each level contains 6 modules of two units, each divided into 3 manageable ‘steps’. A four-level course for lower-secondary students. Level 1 assumes students have studied English at primary school, but gives full coverage of all basic language areas. Each level of the course provides 80-90 hours of classwork with lots of recycling in regular four-page sections.
Messages 3 Teacher's Resource Pack
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Cambridge University Press
Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service...
Figure 8 i ves iga es he impac of he maximum umber of GPRS user per cell o he performa ce of GPRS for he dy amic cha el alloca io scheme wi h 1 PDCH reserved. Of course, he expec ed umber of GPRS users should be less ha he maximum umber i order o avoid he rejec io of ew GPRS sessio s. O he o her ha d, he maximum umber of ac ive GPRS sessio s mus be limi ed for guara eei g quali y of service for every ac ive GPRS sessio eve u der high raffic. he radeoff be wee i creasi g performa ce for allowi g more ac ive GPRS sessio s a d he i creasi g blocki g probabili y for GPRS users is illus ra ed by he curves of Figure 8. Co clusio s his paper prese ed a discre e-eve simula or o he IP level for he Ge eral Packe Radio Service (GPRS). Wi h he simula or, we provided a comprehe sive performa ce s udy of he radio resource shari g by circui swi ched GSM co ec io s a d packe swi ched GPRS sessio s u der a s a ic a d a dy amic cha el alloca io scheme. I he dy amic scheme we assumed a reserved umber of physical cha els perma e ly alloca ed o GPRS a d he remai i g cha els o be o -dema d cha els ha ca be used by GSM voice service a d GPRS packe s.