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Change, Chance and Optimality

Формат:      Страниц 212
     твердый переплет
McMahon A.    
Oxford University Press    
5433 руб
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Using cross-linguistic data, and drawing comparisons with other theories inside and outside linguistics, she shows that OT is incapable of accounting for language change, without the addition of rules and an appreciation of chance and historical contingency that would then undermine its theoretical underpinnings. The author considers the nature and evolution of the human language capacity, and demonstrates a profound mismatch between the predictions of evolutionary biology and the claims for innateness made in OT. - Deals with a fast-changing new theory of phonology - One of the first critiques of Optimality Theory to appear - Interdisciplinary approach involving phonology, historical linguistics, and evolutionary theory This book is about how languages change. Having set out its basis principles, Professor McMahon assesses their explanatory power in analysing language change and its residues in current phonological systems. April McMahon argues that to provide a convincing explanation of linguistic change the roles of history and contingency must be accommodated in linguistic theory. She also shows that theoretical work in related disciplines can be used to assess the value of such theories. It is also a devastating critique of a widespread linguistic orthodoxy. Optimality Theory, or OT as it is usually called, dominates contemporary phonology, especially in the USA, and is becoming increasingly influential in syntax and language acquisition. OT relies on innateness and needs to discuss the origins of allegedly genetically-specified features.
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