The best treaties strategically manipulate the incentives states have to exploit the environment, and the theory developed in this book shows how treaties can do this. It provides information on more than three hundred treaties, and analyses a number of case studies in detail. These include depletion of the ozone layer, whaling, pollution of the Rhine, acid rain, over-fishing, pollution of the oceans, and global climate change. It also offers a coherent and consistent approach. This book develops a theory that explains both the successes and the failures. The theory integrates a number of disciplines, including economics, political science, international law, negotiation analysis, and game theory. Most, however, fail to alter the state behaviour appreciably. Most importantly, they must create incentives for states to participate in a treaty and for parties to comply. - Develops a coherent and consistent theory that integrates different approaches to the study of international cooperation and the environment
- Provides information on over 300 treaties
- Analyses a number of case studies (e. g. depletion of the ozone layer, whaling, pollution of the Rhine, acid rain, over-fishing, pollution of the oceans, and global climate change)
- Puts forward policy prescriptions for negotiating better treaties
Environmental problems like global climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion can only be remedied if states cooperate with one another. This is what treaties are meant to do. A few treaties, such as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, succeed. The essential assumption is that treaties be self-enforcing-that is, individually rational, collectively rational, and fair. But sovereign states usually care only about their own interests. In particular, the book explains when treaties are needed, why some work better than others, and how treaty design can be improved. The book applies the theory to a number of environmental problems. So states must somehow restructure the incentives to make cooperation pay. That is, they must restructure the underlying game. The essential lesson of the book is that treaties should not just tell countries what to do. Treaties must make it in the interests of countries to behave differently.
Environment and Statecraft: Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making
|Формат:|| Страниц 456|
Oxford University Press
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People are losi g heir jobs because ma y fac ories a d pla s are goi g ba krup .Bu i spi e of he problems Russia is faci g a prese , here are a lo of oppor u i ies for his cou ry o become o e of he leadi g cou ries i he world. I'm sure ha we, he you ger ge era io , ca do very much o make Russia as s ro g a d powerful as i used o be.Российская Федерация Российская Федерация - самая большая страна в мире. Это занимает о первом седьмом из поверхности земли. Это закрывает(охватывает) восточную часть Европы и северной части Азии. Его полная область - приблизительно 17 миллионов квадратных километров. Страна вымыта 12 морями 3 ocea s: he ихий океан, арктический и Атлантика. На юге Россия граничит с Китаем, Монголией, Кореей, Казахстаном, Джорджией(Грузией) и Азербайджаном. На западе это граничит С Норвегией, Финляндией, Балтийскими Государствами, Belorussia, Украиной. Это также имеет морскую границу со США. Есть едва страна в мире, где такое разнообразие пейзажа и растительности может быть найдено. Мы имеем степи на юге, равнинах и лесах во внутриобластном, тундре и aiga в ir h, горной местности и пустынях на востоке. Есть два Великих равнин в Russia: he Большой Российской Равнине и Западной Сибирской Низменности.
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