Special fields of psychology
Ma y of he major problems of co cer o co emporary social psychology were recog ized as problems by social philosophers lo g before psychological ques io s were joi ed o scie ific me hod. he ques io s posed by Aris o le, he I alia philosopher iccol Machiavelli, he E glish philosopher homas Hobbes, a d o hers hroughou his ory are s ill asked, i al ered form, i he work of prese -day social psychologis s. he more rece his ory of social psychology begi s wi h he publica io i 1908 of wo ex books—each havi g he erm social psychology i i s i le— ha exami e he impac of socie y o he developme a d behavior of i dividuals. O e of hese was wri e by he Bri ish psychologis William McDougall, a d he o her by he America sociologis Edward Alswor h Ross. McDougall framed a co roversial heory of huma i s i c s, co ceived of as broad, purposive e de cies emergi g from he evolu io ary process. Ross, o he o her ha d, was co cer ed wi h he ra smissio of social behavior from perso o perso , such as he i flue ce of o e perso ’s emo io s o a o her’s i a crowd, or he followi g of fads a d fashio s.