In this fascinating survey of everything from how sounds become speech to how names work, David Crystal answers every question you might ever have had about the nuts and bolts of language in his usual highly illuminating way. Along the way, we find out about eyebrow flashes, whistling languages, how parents teach their children to speak, how politeness travels across languages and how the way we talk show not just how old we are but where we're from and even who we want to be.
How Language Works
|Формат:|| Страниц 512|
Синтаксическая и фонетическая стилистика
Типические случаи инверсии. 1. Предикатив, выраженный существительным или прилагательным, может предшествовать подлежащему и связочному глаголу: Beau iful hose do keys were! (К. Ma sfield. he Lady's Maid) Этот тип инверсии особенно характерен для разговорной речи, где он часто сочетается с эллипсом, расчлененным вопросом и другими типичными для разговорной речи особенностями: Ar ful — was ' i ? (К. Ma sfield. he Lady's Maid), Queer how i works ou , is ' i ? (J. B. Pries ley. Da gerous Cor er) В книжной речи эллипса в этом случае нет, зато часто, хотя и не обязательно, следует инверсия связочного глагола и подлежащего: U easy lies he head ha wears a crow . (W. Shakespeare); Sure I am, from wha I have heard, a d from wha I have see . (G. G. Byro ) Средством выделения знаменательного глагола-сказуемого служит также постановка его перед подлежащим, за которым следует вспомогательный или модальный глагол: Go I mus . 2. Прямое дополнение с целью эмфазы может быть поставлено на первое место: Her love le ers I re ur ed o he de ec ives for fili g. (Gr. Gree e. E d of he Affair) 3.
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