This book contains a comparative study of the way that South Africa and India have attempted to alleviate poverty through their constitutions and give effect to a person’s right to social assistance through social policy. It is also submitted that an extended interpretation of the right to life in South Africa, similar to India’s expansion of this right, may provide a solution for the court in desperate cases where people are caught between being employed and receiving state assistance. Employment creation is, however, vitally important in reducing the number of people dependant upon limited state resources for social assistance and comparisons are drawn between the Expanded Public Works Programme and public works programmes in India. Although it is accepted that the government in South Africa is increasingly following policies which stimulate the economy and increase employment, it is argued that this cannot count as a state plan for social assistance. The focus of the comparison is on whether India’s experience can inform South Africa’s emerging jurisprudence regarding the interpretation of the right to social assistance.
The constitutional right to have access to social security as a framework for social policy in South Africa: Lessons from India Social Assistance as a Framework for Social Policy in South Africa.
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Книга по Требованию
Теория социальной работы
После двух мировых войн, невиданных экономических и социальных кризисов эта необходимость стала еще более насущной и осознанной. Признание за социальной работой статуса самостоятельной профессии произошло не сразу. Еще в 1915 году американец Флекснер высказал мнение, что социальная работа не может квалифицироваться как профессия, потому что она не имеет предмета научного познания1. Однако по мере расширения в мире практики и методов подготовки социальных работников, число сторонников признания социальной работы как новой профессии, увеличилось. В 1947 году Линдерман /США/ обосновал такой подход тем, что социальная работа включает в себя знания из других профессий: врача, юриста, психолога, администратора и в условиях противоречивого мира все больше выделяется как самостоятельная профессия 2. Исследователь Хэлл в 1968 году дополнил перечень характеристик, определяющих социальную работу как профессию: 1 - E cyclopedia of Social work . 19 h Edi io . 1995 ASW PRESS p.2266 2 – Li derma “ Social work a ures i a Co fuseol World”- .-Y.,1947.,p.51вера в государственные услуги общества, саморегулирование, профессиональная автономия и специализированная база знаний.
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It also develops a theory of governance, by means of which it compares the long-term development of different governance regimes in Europe and Africa with the South African development from the period of early colonization.
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Using the social capital framework, the dissertation seeks to understand and illuminate the existing care and support efforts from the community from the perspective of volunteer caregivers.
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Chapter two conceptualise local government capacity.
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Do the timing and specifics of these processes matter?
|Quilting Professional Stories. A Gendered Experience of Choosing Social Work as a Career Книга по Требованию Jo M. |
Drawing on the metaphor of a quilt to describe our career choice experience, this project draws attention to how aspiring social workers tend to carefully choose, cut and join together bits of gendered narrative material to create a professional story that both legitimises their entrance into the profession and to position them within the larger career domain.
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Analysis of law enforcementshows increases in policing personnel alone do not increase output.
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They have remained a cohesive ethnic group and have acculturated into all sectors of Miami society.
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Predictably, the notion of public participation in budgetary processes has been disparate by governments in Africa.
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Davis provides a framework of analysis for examining money historically, beyond the operation of those particular institutions, which includes the possibility of conceptualizing and organizing the world differently.
|Hotels in South Africa / Отели в Южной Африке Page One |
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This is what makes Africa so special: a well presented and prepared world within the unknown beauty of a black continent.
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South Africa’s land reform programs fall short of dismantling the inherited structures of economic and power inequality, while creating a facade of racial equality in land ownership.
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Our results are in agreement with other studies confirming a poor complete compliance with supportive periodontal therapy.
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They suffer as a result of their race, class, socialisation process and gender.
|"Born in Africa but...". Women's poetry of post-Apartheid South Africa in English Книга по Требованию Isabelle V. |
The study itself is dedicated to South African post-Apartheid women' s poetry. While working with the primary texts, the poems themselves, the focus is on the different aspects of identity which portray the major topics of South African poetry at present. The second and main part of the study looks at the most prominent recurring themes of contemporary South African women' s poetry: • ethnic identity, identity within individual groups of society and the depiction of the relations between the ethnic groups, is treated in Chapter VI, • gender identity, a discussion of gender problems and womanhood and motherhood, treated in Chapter VII and • professional identity, being an artist, a woman poet, treated in Chapter VIII.
|Demographic Changes in South Africa, 1996-2007 Книга по Требованию Martin E.P. |
Little is known about the demography of South Africa.
|Poverty, Medicine and Disease in South Africa. The Era of High Apartheid, 1948 to 1976 Книга по Требованию Stephens P. |
He argues that if health and disease are measures of the effectiveness with which human beings using scientific and cultural resources adapt to their environment,this relationship underpins the convergence of medical and cultural interests.
|Intergovernmental relations in the local sphere of government in SA. A City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (South Africa) case study on the role of intergovernmental relations in facilitating service delivery Книга по Требованию Patrick S. |
The book may be of interest to public affairs students, researchers, academics and government officials as it concludes that intergovernmental relations in South Africa facilitate the performance of the local sphere of government in the delivery of services with specific reference to the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality Given this statement, the book suggests that intergovernmental relations among the three spheres of government in South Africa can be regarded as a key instrument for achieving co-operative government.
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The emphasis is on how the party penetrates the state and society.