The IMF has been playing a leading role in poverty reduction activities. A proper standard for measuring the effectiveness is to compare the macroeconomic outcomes under the program with the outcomes that would have emerged in the absence of the program. Many developing countries have participated in the program. But the results are not always good. In this study, we use a system dynamics national model as a base and test its long-term behavior with and without IMF’s poverty reduction program. Some countries experienced painful times with low growth gate and even depression. Its Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) grogram provides resources to low-income countries aiming to foster durable growth, thereby raising living standards and reducing poverty. Base on the simulation result, we can compare the two outcomes, thus, study the long-term effect of IMF' s poverty reduction program. The difficulty lies in that it is not possible to have both of the outcomes because in reality, we can only have one experience. Much debate has been made over the effects of IMF- supported stability-oriented programs.
The Institutional Influence on a Developing Country’s Economy. A Case of Cape Verde
|Формат:|| Страниц 124|
Книга по Требованию
Годом рождения квикстепа считается 1923 год, когда оркестр Поля Вайтмана (Paul Whi ema ) выступал в Великобритании. Современные движения квикстепа, основанные когда-то на шагах фокстрота, сильно отличаются от тех, которые танцевали в 20-е годы. Прыжки в продвижении и на месте, цепочки ходов и другие оригинальные движения в паре - все эти движения, явно или не явно, сильно изменившись или просто напрямую попали в квикстеп из трех танцев - чарльстон (Charles o ) , шимми (Shimmy) и Black Bo om. Чарльстон родом с островов Кабо-Верде (Cape Verde), название танца идет от порта Чарльстон, в котором негритянские докеры танцевали энергичный круговой танец (типа "яблочка"). На сцене чарльстон впервые был исполнен в негритянском шоу Джорджа Уайта (George Whi e) в 1922 году. В белом американском обществе чарльстон стал популярным после тура по США шоу "Ru i g Wild" в 1923 году под руководством Ziegfield Follies. Популярность в Европе к чарльстону пришла в двадцатые годы, после выступлений Джозефины Бакер (Josephi e Baker) в Париже. Этот танец исполнялся в ритме 200-240 ударов в минуту, с размахиваниями руками и ногами, киками и чем-тоо напоминал современные молодежные дискотеки.
|A Review of a Poverty Alleviation Programme in a Developing Country. The Relationship between Capital Assets and Levels of Poverty Книга по Требованию Chandika G. |
Empirical evidences revealed that it is imperative for a poverty alleviation programme to design strategies which build assets base of households in order to help them get out of poverty and to implement these strategies with development motives rather than with political motives.
|Upgrading of Developing Country Producers in Global Value Chains. The Case of the Garment Industry in Vietnam Книга по Требованию VU T.P. |
Major findings are in the post MFA Vietnam has achieved process upgrading and successfully implemented product upgrading.
|Advanced Traffic Control Systems. Performance Evaluation in a Developing Country Книга по Требованию A. C.S. |
The results and findings presented in this book are very beneficial for road authorities to determine traffic management policy, for traffic engineers to determine the best practices for the implementation of advanced traffic control systems in their cities, and also for researchers or anyone else who concern about how to reduce traffic congestion.
|Academia/Public Sector Collaboration in Developing Countries. The Case of the Water/Sanitation Public Sector Institutions and Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Uganda Книга по Требованию Sam K. |
This book reports on research carried out to examine drivers and barriers of collaboration between the water/sanitation (WATSAN) public sector and HEIs in developing countries, using Uganda as a case study.
|Savings, Risk-coping and Poverty Dynamics in Developing Countries. Evidence from India and Kenya Книга по Требованию Katsushi I. |
The final chapter scrutinises the role of livestock as liquid assets in rural Kenya.
|Contingent Valuation and Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries. The Palestinian Case Книга по Требованию Awad M. |
A contingent valuation questionnaire was designed based on a decomposed valuation scenario and the payment card elicitation technique, with user-based financial contributions at the point of consumption being the payment vehicle.
|Social Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries. Comparing Nepal and other Developing countries especially in the South Asian Context Книга по Требованию Shraddha S. |
Social entrepreneurs are making contributions in different areas and are making an impact but a lot more could be done in this field.
|Monetary Policy Analysis in Emerging Markets. The Modelling of Conditional Volatility in Mexico and other Developing Countries Книга по Требованию Alfonso M. |
Special focus is devoted to Mexico and other developing countries in Latin America.
|Weather Index-based Microinsurance in Developing Countries. Analysis and Evaluation Книга по Требованию |
It evaluates wether it is a sustainable instrument to reduce world poverty.
|A Framework for Developing Countries eTransformation of SMEs. Книга по Требованию Mahesha K. |
The main contributions include a framework for eTransformation not only for SMEs in Sri Lanka but also with SMEs in other developing countries with similar background.
|Health care quality in developing countries. Patients' perceptions and and quality policy development Assessment Книга по Требованию Khaled A. |
Most current quality assurance methods are professional and management focused not patient' s perspectives focused. The new trend in health care is making health system patient-centered care that responding to health consumers needs: Patient-centered care approach focues on assessing patient perspective and satisfaction on quality,and providing evidence to inform quality policy makers and health care providers about quality concers. Further,developing quality policy at policy level is necessary but not sufficient as assuring and imroving quality requiring filling the gap between quality policy level and implementation level. Thus,this book presents and suggests a framework on how to fill the this gap between quality policy development at policy level and implementing quality assurance system at facility level, using patient perceptions and satisfaction assessemnt tools for monitoring and assessing health care quality performance. Quality in health care is increasingly becoming a central health policy issue in both developed and developing countries health systems.
|Sustainable Management of Automobile Waste. in Developing countries Книга по Требованию Forbid G.T. |
Results showed that the absence of an effective legal framework governing importation of used vehicles coupled with inefficient maintenance culture is responsible for the increasing automobile waste generation.
|New Public Management and Good Governance in Developing Countries. Looking at the Philippines Книга по Требованию Yvonne L. |
This book deals in general with the question "how do these concepts fit into the developing world? ". In more detail the research is about the kind of reform initiatives used by developing countries, the focal points concentrated on in these initiatives, the public perception of these reforms, and the difficulties faced when implementing NPM and good governance reforms.
|Providing Long-term Solutions to the Problem of Rural Depopulation in Developing Countries through Sustainable Development: Sustainable development of ecotourism with emphasis on Lebanon. A Case Study of Lebanon Книга по Требованию Jaoudat E.A. |
At the present time, rural regions in developing countries such as Lebanon rely heavily on agriculture for their continued existence, but this does not generate sufficient employment or income to encourage the indigenous population to remain.
|Land registration in developing countries. An introduction Книга по Требованию Niels O.H. |
The key is decentralisation and iteration; in practice more field-based decision taking.
|Adopting Sustainable Transportation in Developing Countries. The case of Tricycles in Nigeria Книга по Требованию Oladipupo A. |
Data was also gathered through questionnaires for a total of fifteen drivers of different tricycle types on different route and a total of twenty passengers picked at random from Idewu Route,Liverpool Route and OAU campus.
|East African Customs Union and Foreign Direct Investment in Uganda. Economic Integration and Foreign Direct Investment for developing countries in Africa Книга по Требованию Loice N. |
The extent to which economic integration attract Foreign Direct Investment inflows to developing countries is of special interest in Africa.
|Application of Electronic Tourism in Developing Countries. Tools for Empowering Consumers and Small Service Providers in Tourism Value Chain Книга по Требованию Faustin K. |
Globally, tourism value chains for distribution of information as well as transactions flows are increasingly converging to the Internet, implying that destination, especially those in developing countries, must improve their information and communication technology capacity if they are to benefit optimally from tourism.
|Sustainability of Community Based Projects in Developing Countries. A Study of Sustainability Issues facing Community Based Projects in Rural Areas of Mbeere District in Kenya Книга по Требованию Anthony M. W. |
This study recommends an adoption of more radical approaches in handling the theme of sustainability of CBPs: new project sustainability models built on intrinsic sense of duty attained through individual and organizational based processes.
|Lessons from Uganda Feasibility of Providing Portable Water in Developing Countries. Книга по Требованию Francis W. |
This book should help economists in public resources' management, environmental and health economists in applying non-market valuation techniques, or anyone eliciting value of an amenity based on user preferences. The benefits of safe water have direct implication for health and productivity of workers. A method that elicits value from users, if properly done, would go along way in informing policy on the true value of these utilities. Take safe water for instance; over 1 billion people lack safe water. The recognition to provide basic services in developing countries has been enthusiastically discussed and committed to at forums in the world over time. The recognition of the overlapping benefits is suggestive of unconventional methods in the estimation of these. What has lacked over the same period has been the actual implantation of this. This book therefore presents an unconventional approach to appraising safe water provision for users in developing countries with reference to Uganda. Safe water benefits, estimated through a user-stated preference method-contingent valuation-are compared with the costs of provision emphasizing best method practices.