Using the Blue Plains advanced wastewater treatment plant located in Washington, DC as a case study, we find several Pareto optimal points between costs and odors where different treatments (e. g. , lime addition) and biosolids distribution (e. g. , to what reuse fields biosolids should be applied) strategies should be employed. A Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition technique was successfully applied to break apart and solve a large optimization model encountered in this dissertation. We develop multiobjective optimization models to simultaneously minimize biosolids odors as well as wastewater treatment process and biosolids distribution costs. This model can be used proactively by any typical advanced wastewater treatment plants to produce the least malodorous biosolids at minimal costs. A weighting method and constraint method were employed to find tradeoff, so called Pareto optimal, points between costs and odors. Schur ’s decomposition and special order set type two variables were used to approximate the product of two decision variables.
Multiobjective Optimization Models. For Distributing Biosolids to Reuse Fields
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Книга по Требованию
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Special fields of psychology
Differe ces i he degree of achieveme mo iva io have bee fou d o be measurable a d o have impor a co seque ces for how a perso behaves i various social si ua io s. Sys ems of a i udes oward au hori y, such as he o io of he au hori aria perso ali y, have bee fou d o rela e o a i udes oward e h ic mi ori ies a d o cer ai aspec s of social behavior. A perso ali y sy drome k ow as Machiavellia ism, amed af er he I alia poli ical philosopher iccolт Machiavelli, has bee used o predic he social ma ipula ive ess of people i i erac io a d heir abili y o domi a e cer ai i erperso al si ua io s. I ves iga ive ech iques umerous ki ds of research me hods a d ech iques are bei g used i social psychology. he radi io of heory-based i ves iga io remai s s ro g i he discipli e. I rece years rigorously exac ma hema ical models of social behavior have bee used i creasi gly i psychological s udies. Such models are projec io s, based o heory a d i ari hme ic de ail, of social behavior i a possible sys em of social rela io ships.O her ech iques i clude he ques io aire a d he i erview, bo h used widely i public opi io polls a d s udies of co sumer prefere ces. hese wo me hods pose a co siderable challe ge o i ves iga ors. he ki d of co rol of he e viro me ha is possible i he labora ory is o available i he field, a d he effec s of sub le variables ha ca be observed i experime s are easily obscured by o her variables ha may exis i a ural e viro me s.Freque ly, behavior i a ural se i gs is sys ema ically observed, or compu ers are programmed o simula e social behavior.
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