The experience of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission exposed important debates in theory and in the South African social context over the concepts of responsibility and accountability for human rights abuse. This approach raises important theoretical issues, which include: the relationship between individual responsibility, collective responsibility and the influence of “the system”; the nature of collective responsibility; the nature of morality; the distinction between moral and political responsibility; and how individuals and collectives can or should be held accountable. In a detailed analysis of the TRC, this work seeks to draw out how these theoretical debates were present within and impacted on the TRC’s work. This has impacted negatively on how the TRC was and is perceived. Its implicit approach was to emphasise collective responsibility, and to make a moral argument for individuals and collectives to accept responsibility and hold themselves accountable by contributing to future change. It was impossible for the TRC to satisfy everyone and resolve these debates, and its approach led to unrealistic expectations of its work and its role more generally.
Responsibility and accountability for human rights abuse. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa
|Формат:|| Страниц 188|
Книга по Требованию
Изменение политических и социальных условий нередко приводит к пересмотру официального отношения к психоактивным веществам. Так, несколько лет назад правительство Ирана не только запретило наряду с алкоголем наркотики, но и ввело смертную казнь за их употребление и распространение. В других мусульманских странах (со светской формой правления) алкоголь фактически легализован. В Европе и США, несмотря на наличие длительных традиций употребления спиртных напитков, в различные времена делались попытки запретить или резко ограничить употребление алкоголя ("сухие законы" в дореволюционной России, США, Финляндии, СССР). В некоторых Европейских странах традиционно негативное отношение к употреблению наркотиков трансформируется в обеспечение к ним свободного, контролируемого государством доступа (так называемый "британский подход"). Третьей отличительной чертой наркомании является нечеткость формулирования основных понятий, описывающих ее как патологию. К примеру, в англоязычных работах по данной теме вообще отсутствует термин наркомания, который заменяется в зависимости от симпатий и антипатий автора определениями abuse (злоупотребление), addic io (пристрастие), depe de ce (зависимость) в двух проявлениях - физическая и психическая.
|Individuals, Armed Groups and Corporations Accountability under Human Rights Law of Non-State Actors. for Genocide and Crimes against Humanity: Книга по Требованию Tiholaz M. |
In this context, it will also take a look at the practice of European Court of Human Rights and Inter-American system.
|Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, and Human Rights: Critical Introduction Oxford University Press Loveland I. |
It also includes substantial coverage of human rights issues.
|Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Actors Oxford University Press Clapham A. |
For some, extending human rights into these spheres trivializes human rights and allows abusive governments to distract us from ongoing violations.
|Remedies in International Human Rights Law Oxford University Press Shelton D. |
- A unique and practical guide to remedies available under international law for human and civil rights violations
- The only work to cover remedies in all international fora
- Provides comprehensive coverage of an area of increasing practical and academic importance
- The First Edition was Winner of the ASIL Certificate of Merit 2000
This fully revised and updated new edition of Remedies in International Human Rights Law provides a comprehensive treatment of remedies for human rights violations and reviews the jurisprudence of international tribunals on these violations.
|Human Rights in Australia. Looking Forward, Looking Back Книга по Требованию Anthony G. |
These include the recent laws allowing groups to be outlawed based on a politician' s declaration, laws that limit the right of an accused person to jury trial, both at the national and regional level, laws that restrict voting rights, laws that restrict the ability of a person to work in different regions within Australia, and laws that allow a person to be detained based on an assessment of their future risk to society. Deficiencies in rights protection in Australia are identified and possible solutions suggested. The book discusses theoretical justifications for the power of judges to declare laws inconsistent with human rights to be invalid, including social contract theory and modern versions of democracy. In this context, comtemporary human rights issues are then considered. This book discussses historical aspects of rights protection, including Diceyan concepts of parliamentary supremacy and the rule of law, before considering historical support for limits to the power of Parliament. The current rights debate in Australia is a long-standing one, in the context of one of the few countries without an express bill of rights.
|An Analysis of UK law in the Context of European, International and Human Rights Law The Right to Access Environmental Information. Книга по Требованию Jean-Jacques P. |
All relevant ECHR articles which have been interpreted as including a fundamental right to access environmental information are examined.
|International and Czech Perspectives Human Rights of Persons with Mental Disabilities. Книга по Требованию Jana M. |
Human rights of people with mental disabilities have become a subject of interest of international law only very recently.
|Prevention Of Unsafe Abortion through Legal Reform. International Human Rights Law and National Implementation in Ethiopia Книга по Требованию Mekdes L. |
The international community recognised unsafe abortion as a major public health threat and reached on a consensus to deal with it accordingly in the 1990' s. Although multiplicity of factors relating to poverty and lack of resource affect the incidence of unsafe abortions, strict and prohibitive abortion laws are proved to be the major contributors. This book looks at the international legal foundations of reproductive health and demonstrates how these international standards find their way to national laws of states which are hard hit by the problem. Studies show unsafe abortion is the second major cause of maternal mortality in Ethiopia. In addition, Ethiopia went through a reform of its abortion regulations recently. The author used these facts to show whether international standards regarding abortion are incorporated in to the new Ethiopian law. In this modern era it is possible for international law to permeate state barriers and regulate matters which were traditionally left for states. The issue of unsafe abortion is one of these matters.
|How a Human Rights Organization Survived the Suharto regime and Became a Cornerstone for Civil Society in Indonesia The Emergence of the Legal Aid Institute in Authoritarian Indonesia. Книга по Требованию Takeshi K. |
How could a human rights organization survive in a repressive regime?
|TRIPS, HUMAN RIGHTS AND ACCESS TO MEDICINES IN AFRICA. A POST DOHA ANALYSIS Книга по Требованию Ebenezer D. |
Thus, precipitating high cost of drugs and hindering access for people in Africa.
|Human Rights Trade and Development in ACP-EU Partnership. Human Rights Trade and Development Книга по Требованию Justice N. |
The analysis in this book should be useful to Human Rights and Trade Law Practitioners, Government Trade negotiators, persons interested in how trade rules may impact on sustainable development.
|Utopia or Reality?. The Implementation of a Human Rights-Based Approach to the New Partnership for Africa's Development Книга по Требованию Britt K. |
In an attempt to narrow this gap, the World Bank' s SAPs are analysed. This is followed by the examination and application of David Held' s regime of liberal international sovereignty to this case; an interesting excursion for students and scholars alike.
|Exploring Relevance of Legal Empowerment of the Poor in Poverty Reduction in Nigeria Human Rights and Poverty Reduction. Книга по Требованию Odinakaonye L. |
This book provides deep insight for legal scholars, economists, those working in development circles and on poverty issues around the world.
|Human rights in the Soviet Union Книга по Требованию Frederic P. M. |
The government made use of secret police, restricted freedom of speech, and engaged in mass surveillance.
|Human rights in Morocco Книга по Требованию Frederic P. M. |
On the one hand, Morocco has made considerable improvements since the repressive Years of Lead under King Hassan II' s reign, but under his modernizing son, Mohammed VI, there are still complaints about abuses of power. Morocco administers 80% of the territory, hence Moroccan law applies to its "Southern Provinces". Morocco’s human rights record is mixed.
|Human Rights in Egypt Книга по Требованию Frederic P. M. |
Freedom House places Egypt' s political rights at 6, civil liberties at 5, and an average of 5. 5. This is an improvement, but it places them at unfree. Other nations in North African and the Mideast they place at 5. 5 are Algeria, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and Tunisia. They gave them a press freedom score of 68, which is also unfree. They gave the following nations a 68 as well: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Maldives, and Russia. In 2000 the related Center for Religious Freedom placed Egypt as partly free at 5; this put them in line with Muslim nations like Turkey and Indonesia. Reporters Without Borders placed Egypt between Bhutan and the Cote d'
|European Court of Human Rights Книга по Требованию Frederic P. M. |
All 47 member states of the Council of Europe are parties to the Convention.
|Essays On Human Rights and Their Political Guaranties Книга по Требованию Hurlbut E.P. |
|Social Harmonism, Human Rights Under Functional Government Книга по Требованию Merton H.W. |
|Human Rights Defenders. The Situation in the Inter-American System Книга по Требованию Dr J.S. |
Finally, through this book proposes to the states measures to legitimate, promote, and protect the work of human rights defenders.