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Responsibility and accountability for human rights abuse. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa

Формат:      Страниц 188
     мягкая обложка
Автор:
Marina C.    
Издательство:
Книга по Требованию    
Год:2009
Цена:
2769 руб
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The experience of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission exposed important debates in theory and in the South African social context over the concepts of responsibility and accountability for human rights abuse. This approach raises important theoretical issues, which include: the relationship between individual responsibility, collective responsibility and the influence of “the system”; the nature of collective responsibility; the nature of morality; the distinction between moral and political responsibility; and how individuals and collectives can or should be held accountable. In a detailed analysis of the TRC, this work seeks to draw out how these theoretical debates were present within and impacted on the TRC’s work. This has impacted negatively on how the TRC was and is perceived. Its implicit approach was to emphasise collective responsibility, and to make a moral argument for individuals and collectives to accept responsibility and hold themselves accountable by contributing to future change. It was impossible for the TRC to satisfy everyone and resolve these debates, and its approach led to unrealistic expectations of its work and its role more generally.
Лента атласная, огненно-красная (5 см).
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356 руб
Раздел: Упаковочные ленты, банты
Ведро эмалированное с крышкой и рисунком (объем 12 литров).
Ведро эмалированное с крышкой 12 литров, с рисунком. Форма: коническая.
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Раздел: Без отжима
Набор первоклассника, для девочек, 16 предметов.
В наборе 16 предметов: - Подставка для книг. - Настольное покрытие для творчества. - Веер "гласные". - Веер
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Раздел: Наборы канцелярские

Наркотики
Изменение политических и социальных условий нередко приводит к пересмотру официального отношения к психоактивным веществам. Так, несколько лет назад правительство Ирана не только запретило наряду с алкоголем наркотики, но и ввело смертную казнь за их употребление и распространение. В других мусульманских странах (со светской формой правления) алкоголь фактически легализован. В Европе и США, несмотря на наличие длительных традиций употребления спиртных напитков, в различные времена делались попытки запретить или резко ограничить употребление алкоголя ("сухие законы" в дореволюционной России, США, Финляндии, СССР). В некоторых Европейских странах традиционно негативное отношение к употреблению наркотиков трансформируется в обеспечение к ним свободного, контролируемого государством доступа (так называемый "британский подход"). Третьей отличительной чертой наркомании является нечеткость формулирования основных понятий, описывающих ее как патологию. К примеру, в англоязычных работах по данной теме вообще отсутствует термин наркомания, который заменяется в зависимости от симпатий и антипатий автора определениями abuse (злоупотребление), addic io (пристрастие), depe de ce (зависимость) в двух проявлениях - физическая и психическая.


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