As a result of the unpredictability of rockfall events, they are rarely observed or recorded. As a consequence, there still exists a considerable lack of knowledge in the understanding of the process. In a first fundamental part, pioneering results on the anatomic behavior of different conifer trees following rockfall impact were gathered, facilitating future rockfall studies using tree rings. In the second application-oriented part, in situ data on numerous rockfall parameters were obtained and spatially analyzed. Resulting outcomes offer a multitude of applications for practical use, such as supporting hazard assessment procedures, identifying of local rockfall triggers, providing valuable data for the dimensioning of protections measures, verifying and calibrating rockfall models, or assessing the effect of changing climatic parameters on rockfall in order to predict future activity. The unpredictable and sudden occurrence of rockfall poses a major threat to human infrastructure and can lead to loss of life. Geomorphic processes continuously shape mountain regions with rockfall being one of the most common and frequent processes.
Spatio-temporal rockfall analysis using tree ring data. Anatomic tree reactions and spatio-temporal rockfall analysis - an applied study based on dendrogeomorphic methods
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Книга по Требованию
Special fields of psychology
Differe ces i he degree of achieveme mo iva io have bee fou d o be measurable a d o have impor a co seque ces for how a perso behaves i various social si ua io s. Sys ems of a i udes oward au hori y, such as he o io of he au hori aria perso ali y, have bee fou d o rela e o a i udes oward e h ic mi ori ies a d o cer ai aspec s of social behavior. A perso ali y sy drome k ow as Machiavellia ism, amed af er he I alia poli ical philosopher iccolт Machiavelli, has bee used o predic he social ma ipula ive ess of people i i erac io a d heir abili y o domi a e cer ai i erperso al si ua io s. I ves iga ive ech iques umerous ki ds of research me hods a d ech iques are bei g used i social psychology. he radi io of heory-based i ves iga io remai s s ro g i he discipli e. I rece years rigorously exac ma hema ical models of social behavior have bee used i creasi gly i psychological s udies. Such models are projec io s, based o heory a d i ari hme ic de ail, of social behavior i a possible sys em of social rela io ships.O her ech iques i clude he ques io aire a d he i erview, bo h used widely i public opi io polls a d s udies of co sumer prefere ces. hese wo me hods pose a co siderable challe ge o i ves iga ors. he ki d of co rol of he e viro me ha is possible i he labora ory is o available i he field, a d he effec s of sub le variables ha ca be observed i experime s are easily obscured by o her variables ha may exis i a ural e viro me s.Freque ly, behavior i a ural se i gs is sys ema ically observed, or compu ers are programmed o simula e social behavior.
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