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Виды музыки и музыкального исполнения

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Виды музыки и музыкального исполнения
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Public Spaces and Istanbul. Discussions, Analyses, and a Proposal for the Case of Tophane - Salipazari Area

Формат:      Страниц 100
     мягкая обложка
Издательство:
Книга по Требованию    
Год:2008
Цена:
2008 руб
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Lastly, an alternative urban design approach is proposed by focusing on the critical aspect: public spaces. The formation and the use of public spaces in Istanbul have been changing throughout the history, as mentioned and exemplified in this book. Since 2001, a project called Galataport was in the agenda for the regeneration of the harbour area. Public spaces, which are essential for the liveability of the cities, face many challenges in the globalization times. This book discusses all these aspects by focusing the example of Tophane area, a historical harbour at the Bosphorus. But after the modernization, the issue of public spaces became highly critical for the city. In the last chapters of this book, this project is analyzed and criticized according to the urban design criteria of a specific academic work. In the urban areas all around the world, a process of motorization, privatization and commercialization of public spaces is going on. Istanbul, as a city rapidly globalizing, faces these challenges intensively. Even though the area played an important role in the public scene of Ottoman Istanbul, it is used to be a partly unused trade harbour since 50 years.
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Environmental impacts of renewable energy...
I places where wa er is i shor supply, his eed could raise co flic s wi h o her users for wa er resources. he developme of hydro hermal e ergy faces a special problem. Ma y hydro hermal reservoirs are loca ed i or ear wilder ess areas of grea a ural beau y such as Yellows o e a io al Park a d he Cascade Mou ai s. Proposed developme s i such areas have aroused i e se opposi io . If hydro hermal-elec ric developme is o expa d much fur her i he U i ed S a es, reaso able compromises will have o be reached be wee e viro me al groups a d i dus ry.BiomassBiomass power, derived from he bur i g of pla ma er, raises more serious e viro me al issues ha a y o her re ewable resource excep hydropower. Combus io of biomass a d biomass-derived fuels produces air pollu io ; beyo d his, here are co cer s abou he impac s of usi g la d o grow e ergy crops. How serious hese impac s are will depe d o how carefully he resource is ma aged. he pic ure is fur her complica ed because here is o si gle biomass ech ology, bu ra her a wide varie y of produc io a d co versio me hods, each wi h differe e viro me al impac s.Air Pollu io I evi ably, he combus io of biomass produces air pollu a s, i cludi g carbo mo oxide, i roge oxides, a d par icula es such as soo a d ash. he amou of pollu io emi ed per u i of e ergy ge era ed varies widely by ech ology, wi h wood-bur i g s oves a d fireplaces ge erally he wors offe ders.


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