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A Comparative Law and Economics Approach to the Role of Criminal Law Consensual Sex and HIV/AIDS.

Формат:      Страниц 88
     мягкая обложка
Автор:
Mulugeta A.B.    
Издательство:
Книга по Требованию    
Год:2010
Цена:
2008 руб
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Several countries have criminalized intentional and/or reckless transmission of/exposure to HIV in consensual sex. The defendant is tortiously liable only when there is infection (exposure is not sufficient). Consensual sexual relationships result in inefficiencies attributed to information asymmetry. Informed consent (not use of condoms) should be a defence. There is no agreement either among legal commentators on what is the ‘best law’. Differences among legal systems are observed on: whether exposure is enough or actual infection is required; what kinds of sexual intercourse are criminalized; whether disclosure is an affirmative defence or whether non-disclosure is a constitutive element of the crime; whether specific intent, in addition to knowledge of one’s HIV-positive status, needs to be established by the prosecution; and whether use of condoms is an affirmative defence. Efficiency requires regulation of consensual relationships be left mainly to tort law. This is characterized by a sex market wherein the participants are mainly HIV-positive. Yet, criminal law is not the optimal instrument to deal with the problem.
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Шпаргалка по международному частному праву...
Это lex causae Закон, с которым данное правоотношение наиболее тесно связано Law of he Co rac ; Proper Law of he Co rac . Закон, с которым данное правоотношение наиболее тесно связано - коллизионная привязка, означающая выбор права путем толкования дог-ра и всех относящихся к нему обстоятельств. Эта коллизионная привязка используется для решения коллизионных вопросов в сфере дог-рных обязательств. 32.Коллизионная привязка «Закон места совершения действия». Это lex loci ac us Закон места совершения акта лат.Lex loci ac us Закон места совершения акта - коллизионная привязка, означающая применение права того гос-ва, на территории которого совершен гражданско-правовой акт. В зависимости от вида гражданско-правовых актов закон места совершения акта конкретизируется в виде закона места совершения дог-ра, закона места исполнения обязательства и закона места причинения вреда. Международное частное право Закон места совершения дог-ра лат.Lex loci co rac us Закон места совершения дог-ра - коллизионная привязка, означающая применение права того гос-ва, где заключен дог-р.


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