The History of United Nations Peacekeeping began in 1948. Its first mission was to the Middle East to observe and maintain the ceasefire after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The peacekeeping force as a whole received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988. Since then, United Nations peacekeepers have taken part in a total of 63 missions across the globe, 17 of which continue today. Though the term "peacekeeping" is not found in the United Nations Charter, the authorization is generally considered to lie in (or between) Chapter 6 and Chapter 7. Chapter 6 describes the Security Council' s power to investigate and mediate disputes, while Chapter 7 discusses the power authorize economic, diplomatic, and military sanctions, as well as the use of military force, to resolve disputes. The founders of the UN envisioned that the organization would act to prevent conflicts between nations and make future wars impossible; however, the outbreak of the Cold War made peacekeeping agreements extremely difficult due to the division of the world into hostile camps.
History of United Nations Peacekeeping
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Книга по Требованию
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The Rwandan 1994 genocide is of particular significance in the sense that it illustrates the challenges and difficulties encountered by the international community and the UN to correspond adequately to intra-state conflicts.
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True to the principal laws of dialectics, conflict is inevitable in the international system due to the existence of unreconcilable economic interests.
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