Cognitive biases are instances of evolved mental behavior. Some are presumably adaptive, for example, because they lead to more effective actions or enable faster decisions. Others presumably result from a lack of appropriate mental mechanisms, or from the misapplication of a mechanism that is adaptive under different circumstances. A cognitive bias is a pattern of deviation in judgment that occurs in particular situations (see also cognitive distortion and the lists of thinking-related topics). Implicit in the concept of a "pattern of deviation" is a standard of comparison; this may be the judgment of people outside those particular situations, or may be a set of independently verifiable facts. The existence of some of these cognitive biases has been verified empirically in the field of psychology.
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Книга по Требованию
|The Calla Handbook: Implementing the Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach package Pearson |
|The neuropsychology of breathing-related sleep disorders. Is treatment effective in improving cognitive functioning and driving performance? Книга по Требованию Dr. M.S. |
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a complex disorder of neural respiratory control and upper airway dysfunction that results in repeated complete and partial occlusion of the upper airway during sleep.
|Cognitive Styles and Hypermedia-Assisted Instruction. Implications for Design of HAI Книга по Требованию Aifang W. |
The findings of the book will contribute to design guidelines for instructors, instructional designers and developers.
|Split attention in reading comprehension for ESL/EFL. Reducing extraneous cognitive load by using integrated format in reading comprehension Книга по Требованию HUYNH C.M.H. |
Cognitive load theory has assisted researchers to recognize cognitive effects in reading comprehension that can lead to improvement in reading.
|Cognitive Science of Primed Decision Making. Experimental, Neuroimaging, and Neurocomputational Evidence Книга по Требованию Ahmad S. |
Usually in the literature it is argued that without a mask, participants are conscious of the stimulus, but with a mask they are not.
|Die semantische Hypothese beim Uhrentest. bei Patienten mit Alzheimer Demenz und Mild Cognitive Impairment - Aspekte und Ursachen des "Minutenzeigerphaenomens" Книга по Требованию Monika R.M. |
Der Uhrentest ist in der Geriatrie ein etabliertes Screeningverfahren um kognitive Stoerungen, im Rahmen einer Demenz, zu erfassen.
|Cognitive and Affective Empathy. Exploring the Differential Effects of Empathy Components on Work-family Conflict and Emotional Labor Книга по Требованию |
Implications and future research directions are discussed.
|Attentional and Cognitive Abilities Required for Prospective Remembering Intentions Do Not Take Care of Themselves. Книга по Требованию Claudia J. |
Personal and social functioning would not be possible without delaying actions until an opportune time.
|The Detection of Malingered Mental Retardation. A Study of Simulation in High- and Low-Cognitive Ability Individuals Книга по Требованию Daniel P. |
However, few measures of malingering detection have been thoroughly studied for their applicability to mentally retarded individuals, and for their ability to accurately distinguish between malingerers, normal controls, and individuals with mental retardation.
|Model for Information Systems Legitimacy in Rehabilitation Counseling. A Study of Information Processing Needs of Rehabilitation Counseling Organizations and Social Networks with Regard to Cognitive Legitimacy Книга по Требованию |
The study also clarifies concepts supporting the requirements for cognitive legitimacy as operationalized by fluidity, i. e. , the ready transfer of knowledge to and from information systems.
|The Effect of Cognitive Aging on Multimedia Learning. An Investigation of the Cognitive Aging Principle Книга по Требованию Boaventura D. |
Research has suggested that cognitive load theory and the cognitive theory of multimedia learning are likely to accommodate the cognitive needs of older learners; few of the principles emerging from these theories, however, have been examined in the context of cognitive aging.
|The Role of Driver Cognitive Abilities and Distractions in Situation Awareness and Performance under Hazard Conditions Driver Cognitive Abilities and Driving Performance. Книга по Требованию Sangeun J. |
The concept of situation awareness (SA) has been used in the analysis of driving behavior during the past ten years.
|Raging Minds. An experimental investigation into the cognitive mechanisms of violence Книга по Требованию Dominik R. |
|Multimodal Object Attention System for Cognitive Robots. Human-like Object Perception and Scene Modeling for Intelligent Service Robots Книга по Требованию |
Now, a new generation of service robots is focus of current research and about to be introduced.
|Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. A treatment for overweight and obese adolescents Книга по Требованию Margarita T. |
Of further concern is the strong tracking of adolescent weight into adulthood which has added consequences for long-term health.
|Connecting Interactive Storytelling, Computer Use, and Cognitive Processing Making Sense of Tracking Data. Книга по Требованию Diego B. |
|Cognitive. An Examination of Williams Syndrome, Down Syndrome and Autism Книга по Требованию Melanie P. |
New insights are also provided into how WS, DS and AS view the world from a social perspective, including: their ability to read emotions; their motivational drive toward social interaction; and their ‘Theory of Mind’, or their ability to understand other people’s behaviours based on underlying desires, emotions, and thoughts.
|Stress activated protein kinase mediates the cognitive behaviour. JNK/SAPK: Central mediator of stress- and infection-induced changes in sensory processing, learning and memory in honeybee Книга по Требованию Javaid I. |
In both vertebrates and invertebrates, the role of JNK/SAPK (Jun-N-terminal kinase/Stress activated protein kinase) in mechanism of learning and memory formation is not well understood and demands for a thorough investigation, especially in vivo.
|Relational Complexity in Adult Reasoning The Measurement of Task Complexity and Cognitive Ability. Книга по Требованию Damian B. |
The research reported in this book aims to synthesise individual-differences and experimental approaches to the study of cognition.
|Digital Games and Learning. The effects on elementary students' cognitive processes and learning achievements Книга по Требованию |
This negative impression toward children playing digital games comes from results of outdated studies about childrena? ? s game-playing behaviors.