The aurochs was far larger than most modern domestic cattle with a shoulder height of 2 metres (6. 6 ft) and weighing 1000 kilograms (2200 lb). Aurochs appear in prehistoric cave paintings, Julius Caesar' s The Gallic War and as the national symbol of many European countries, states and cities such as Alba-Iulia, Kaunas, Romania, Moldavia, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and Uri. In 1920, German biologists the Heck brothers attempted to recreate aurochs. The resulting cattle are known as Heck cattle or Reconstructed Aurochs, and number in the thousands in Europe today with varying resemblance to original aurochs but without such impressive size. It was regarded as a challenging quarry animal, contributing to its extinction. The last recorded live aurochs, a female, died in 1627 in the Jaktorow Forest, Poland and its skull is now the property of Livrustkammaren in Stockholm. Domestication occurred in several parts of the world at roughly the same time, about 8,000 years ago.
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