His father ran into financial difficulties, so Scipione' s education was paid for by his maternal uncle Camillo Borghese. Upon Camillo' s election to the papacy as Pope Paul V in 1605, he quickly conferred a cardinalship on Scipione and gave him the right to use the Borghese name and coat of arms. Scipione Borghese (1576 – 2 October 1633) was an Italian Renaissance Cardinal, art collector and patron of the arts. High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! In the classic pattern of papal nepotism, Cardinal Borghese wielded enormous power as the Pope' s secretary and effective head of the Vatican government. On his own and the Pope' s behalf he amassed an enormous fortune through papal fees and taxes, and acquired vast land holdings for the Borghese family. Originally named Scipione Caffarelli, he was born in Artena, the son of Francisco Caffarelli and Ortensia Borghese. A member of the Borghese family, he was the patron of the painter Caravaggio. His legacy is the establishment of the art collection at the Villa Borghese in Rome.
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