Medium term debt falls between these two boundaries. Governments usually borrow by issuing securities, government bonds and bills. Less creditworthy countries sometimes borrow directly from supranational institutions. Short term debt is generally considered to be one year or less, long term is more than ten years. Government debt (also known as public debt or national debt) is money (or credit) owed by any level of government; either central government, federal government, municipal government or local government. Some consider all government liabilities, including future pension payments and payments for goods and services the government has contracted but not yet paid, as government debt. The annual government deficit, however, refers to the difference between government receipts and spending. Another common division of government debt is by duration until repayment is due. As the government draws its income from much of the population, government debt is an Government Debt indirect debt of the taxpayers. Government debt can be categorized as internal debt, owed to lenders within the country, and external debt, owed to foreign lenders.
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Книга по Требованию
|List of duplicate plants in the Government Botanic Gardens, November 1874 Книга по Требованию Gardens G.B. |
Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться небольшие "огрехи": помарки, кляксы и т. п. Книга представляет собой репринтное издание.
|Debt of Bones (на англ.яз.) Orion Publishing Group Гудкайнд Т. |
|The Law of International Insolvencies and Debt Restructuring Oxford University Press Schmerler C. |
|Plays and Petersburg Tales: Petersburg Tales, Marriage, The Government Inspector Oxford World's Classics Oxford University Press Nikolai V.G. |
Something of the deception and violence of the city' s creation seems to lurk beneath its harmonious facade, however, and it confounds its inhabitants with false dreams and absurd visions - `nothing is what it seems! ' warns Gogol. St Petersburg is also the setting for "Marriage", Gogol' s satire on courtship and cowardice. Finally, for "The Government Inspector", indisputably Russia' s greatest comedy, we move to the provinces although even here St Petersburg' s preoccupation with status and appearances makes its presence felt. In these tales Gogol guides us through the elegant streets of St Petersburg, the city erected by force and ingenuity on the marshes of the Neva estuary.
|Government And Politics In Virginia Книга по Требованию Howard L.M. |
|The Government In The Chicago Strike Of 1894 Книга по Требованию Grover C. |
Civil as well as criminal charges were brought against the organizers of the strike and Debs in particular, and the Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision, In re Debs, validating Cleveland' s actions. Nevertheless, President Cleveland' s bid for renomination at the 1896 Democratic National Convention failed because of his response to the strike. [ Книга представляет собой репринтное издание 1894 года (издательство "Cleveland, Princeton, Princeton university press; [etc. , etc. ]"). Несмотря на то, что была проведена серьезная работа по восстановлению первоначального качества издания, на некоторых страницах могут обнаружиться небольшие "огрехи": помарки, кляксы и т. п. The American Railway Union, the nation' s first industry-wide union, led by Eugene V. Debs, subsequently became embroiled in what The New York Times described as "a struggle between the greatest and most important labor organization and the entire railroad capital" that involved some 250,000 workers in 27 states at its peak. President Grover Cleveland ordered federal troops to Chicago to end the strike, causing debate within his own cabinet about whether the President had the constitutional authority to do so. The conflict peaked on July 6, shortly after the troops' arrival in the city, and ended several days later. The Pullman Strike was a nationwide conflict between labor unions and railroads that occurred in the United States in 1894. The conflict began in the town of Pullman, Illinois on May 11 when approximately 3,000 employees of the Pullman Palace Car Company began a wildcat strike in response to recent reductions in wages, bringing traffic west of Chicago to a halt.
|Fiscal and Monetary Policy Interaction. The Sustainability of Public Debt Книга по Требованию Sergey P. |
Various results pertain to the problems of macroeconomic policy in developed countries and in economies with undeveloped financial markets Thus one of the fundamental problems in the analysis of macroeconomic policy is that of the interaction between the government and the central bank in conducting fiscal and monetary policies.
|Taking Turns. A Theory and Model of Government-Dissident Interactions Книга по Требованию Stephen M. S. |
In contentious political struggles between the government and an opposition group, how does a state’s choice among tactics (e. g. , violence versus negotiation) influence an opposition group’s choice among tactics?
|The Poverty of Presidential Government. A Philosophic Interpretation Книга по Требованию Christopher S. |
This book is a philosophical study of the presidency.
|Government Sponsored Online Platforms for SMEs. Assessing Success and Evaluating Benefits Книга по Требованию |
Although the findings are based on the Western Australian experience, they have a much broader application and are relevant to such platforms everywhere.
|The Importance of the False Claims Act. in the Middle Age of NPM and Reinventing Government Stream Книга по Требованию Yongjin C. |
In order to achieve the efficient government, the NPM and reinventing government have reduced government regulation, decreased the federal workforce, and promoted outside contracting-out.
|Die Entwicklung des e-Government. Anforderungen auf dem Weg zu einer modernen Verwaltung Книга по Требованию |
Die Ergebnisse seiner Recherche wurden in diesem Buch zusammengetragen und sollen Themeneinsteigern helfen, sich in dem komplexen Gebiet zurechtzufinden.
|E-Government. im Bereich Public Administration to Public Administration Книга по Требованию Robert G. |
Anhand einer Feldstudie wird untersucht, inwieweit Fuehrungskraefte saemtlicher Verwaltungsebenen diese Potentiale bereits nutzen oder zumindest thematisieren.
|Alexander Hamilton and the Duty and Obligation of Government:. Federalism and Republican Virtue Книга по Требованию Peter O. |
Understanding the different natures of virtue, is to understand the struggle between capitalism and republicanism.
|A Case Study of Thailand' s Automotive Cluster Regional Development in Knowledge Economy. Through Coopetition of Industry, University and Government: Книга по Требованию Jomphong M. |
In addition, this work proposes applicable models and ways to improve the dynamics of government, universities, national research institutions and firms in order to enhance high skills, knowledge, innovation and competitiveness of the automotive cluster and industry.
|An in-depth look at the country' s saving behaviour and government control Saving and Investment: The Economic Development of Singapore 1965-99. Книга по Требованию Gregor H. |
This publication aims to fill these gaps in Singapore’s economic history and therefore help the assessment of its potential application to other country’s development plans.
|Wind energy in Germany. Technology, issues and government approach Книга по Требованию Zoltan P. |
Even though the 2004 movie ‘The day after tomorrow’ is a fiction (at least at the moment), global warming can cause unforeseeable – and definitely undesirable – impacts.
|Aid Effectiveness, Debt Capacity and Debt Management. The Case of Pakistan Книга по Требованию Mohammad I. |
However the study argues that foreign aid has been instrumental in supporting the growth rate in consumption that otherwise would not have been possible.
|Assessing the Relationship between Government Subsidies and Private Donations Charitable Choice and Faith-Based Organizations. Книга по Требованию Wanda C. |
The author uses mixed research methods to evaluate the relationship between public subsidies and private donations.
|Women Faculty in Higher Education Institutions. The Participation of Women in Teaching Profession in Government Universities of Ethiopia Книга по Требованию Anteneh T.A. |
The main reason for their less representation is generally due to their poor performance records during their undergraduate studies.