Transforming these data to leave a stationary data set for analysis is referred to as de-trending. As a result, parameters such as the mean and variance, if they exist, also do not change over time or position. Stationarity is used as a tool in time series analysis, where the raw data are often transformed to become stationary, for example, economic data are often seasonal and/or dependent on the price level. Processes are described as trend stationary if they are a linear combination of a stationary process and one or more processes exhibiting a trend. In the mathematical sciences, a stationary process (or strict(ly) stationary process or strong(ly) stationary process) is a stochastic process whose joint probability distribution does not change when shifted in time or space. High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles!
|Формат:|| Страниц 92|
Lambert M. S.
Книга по Требованию
Should be press liable or not
Producers of mos goods a d services are co sidered worlds APAR from he press i ki d, o jus i degree. Holdi g producers i ordi ary marke s o ever higher s a dards of liabili y is see as PROCOMSUMER. Proposi g holdi g he press o a y s a dard of liabili y for poli ical i forma io is see as A IDEMOCRA IC. he press is co s i u io ally obliga ed o check o he gover me . Mos of policymakers jus ify legal liabili y for harms, caused by goods a d services a d qui e limi ed liabili y for harms, caused by i forma io . Liabili y for defec ive co sumer produc s is PREDICA ED o a marke failure. As for "u fair" producers, power of possible profi s PREVE co sumers from ra sla i g heir rue prefere ces for safe y a d quali y i o effec ive dema d. So, cus omer prefere ces remai ou side he safe y a d quali y decisio -maki g process of producers. oday, i 'll be a ew mecha ism o force producers o follow cus omers rue prefere ces. Lack of liabili y for defec ive or harmful poli ical i forma io ca be predica ed o ly o a differe ki d of supposed marke failure o a failure of he marke o SUPPLY he LEVEL of safe y ha cus omers wa bu i s failure o supply he amou of poli ical i forma io ha socie y should have.
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