After an analysis of the theoretical premises and implementation of labour-intensive public works programmes in Africa, the thesis critically evaluated several pre - and post - 1994 large-scale development programmes in South Africa. A major conclusion is that the pre-1994 lessons were not taken into considerations in the post-1994 programme planning and implementation. This framework embodies a long-term programme management approach to the planning and implementation of large-scale, labour- intensive development programmes. This did not solve the unemployment problem. In South Africa, the levels of unemployment and poverty are extremely high and these are two of South Africa's most pressing problems. Over the past 28 years several major programmes have been initiated in South Africa to counter unemployment and poverty. Based on the research, the author has derived a six phase Programme Management Framework for Development Programmes. Since 1994 the African National Congress (ANC) government has implemented large-scale programmes with similar objectives to those before 1994.
A Evaluation of Pre-and-Post 1994 Large-scale Development Programmes. With particular focus on employment creation in South Africa
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Книга по Требованию
Магический шар 8. Во все времена люди желали знать ответы на интересующие их вопросы, для этого они прибегали к помощи всевозможных гадалок, шаманов, и585 рубРаздел: Прочее
Комбинаторные условия фасетности опорных...
Комбинаторные условия фасетности опорных неравенств Р.Ю. Симанчев, Омский государственный университет, кафедра математического моделирования Пусть E- конечное множество, H- некоторое семейство его подмножеств. Мы будем рассматривать комбинаторно полные семейства, то есть семейства H, удовлетворяющие следующим аксиомам: 1) для любого e 0. Отметим, что в общем случае приводимая здесь техника является достаточно громоздкой. Однако конкретизация семейства H, аффинной оболочки соответствующего многогранника и самого опорного неравенства позволяет получать конструктивные результаты. Так, например, в посредством данной техники описаны три класса ранговых неравенств, индуцирующих фасеты многогранника связных k-факторов полного графа. Список литературы Схрейвер А. Теория линейного и целочисленного программирования: В 2 т. М.: Мир, 1991. Симанчев Р.Ю. О ранговых неравенствах, порождающих фасеты многогранника связных k-факторов // Дискретный анализ и исследование операций. 1996. Т.3. 3. С.84-110. Gro schel M., Holla d O. Solu io of large-scale symme ric ravelli g salesma problems // Ma hema ical Programmi g. 1991. 51. P. 141-202.
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