The protagonists could engage each other in ways impossible offline, and their efforts affected the Kuwaiti reality, enhancing the participatory aspect of Kuwait' s democratic project. Moreover, it suggests that in Kuwait, public opinion can be formed and acted upon, independently of the state and the political elite. Yet, this study also takes care to highlight the limitations of the internet with regards to democratization. Though it argues that the internet may be an important tool, it is not sufficient in itself as a democratizing force. For the Orange Movement of 2006, the internet was a tool mediating their debate, and a place locating it. The rest – the content - is still up to each and everyone. On this basis, the author argues that during 2006, the internet constituted a public sphere for Kuwaitis, in which to convey unfiltered news, discuss, agitate, mobilize, and more. It presents a case study of the 2006 Kuwaiti reform movement “The Orange Movement”, and its use of the internet. The thesis presented in this book explores the relationship between internet communication and democratization, through the notion of the public sphere.
We Want Five!. Kuwait, the internet, and the public sphere
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Книга по Требованию
Reforming government in Australia
Local gover me i provi cial ci ies a d he cou ry Obviously local gover me reorga isa io prese s differe problems ou side he major capi als. Some hi gs are commo . he PR pri ciple, wi h wards, a d esse ially wards of four, applies everywhere. Some major provi cial ci ies such as he Illawarra would be more appropria ely o e large ci y gover me , wi h maybe eve five or six wards because of he larger popula io . I ge eral, i more hi ly popula ed cou ry areas, amalgama io of ow cou cils a d shires is a desirable reform, bu eve wi h such amalgama io s i some areas he popula io for a viable regio al mu icipal area s ill has o be far fewer ha he popula io for a viable area i he major ci ies, a d hese hi gs have o be worked ou very co cre ely, wi h he full par icipa io of he elec ora e. ever heless, he desirable pri ciple is viable areas eco omically for he be er provisio of services, combi ed wi h wards a d PR o e sure democra ic represe a io . he reorga isa io of local gover me o more effec ively represe he i eres s of people o heir ow home grou d should be comme ced a d comple ed i a se sible ime frame, bu because i 's so impor a o peoples lives i should be do e carefully, wi h full public co sul a io so proper public discussio of al er a ives ca ake place.